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The Need for Alternative Educational Models in California Illustrated in One Chart

There is a full-court press in the media regarding the California budget crisis and its likely impact on higher education. The most recent entry is in the New York Times.

Class sizes have increased, courses have been cut and tuition has been raised — repeatedly. Fewer colleges are offering summer classes. Administrators rely increasingly on higher tuition from out-of-staters. And there are signs it could get worse: If a tax increase proposed by Gov. Jerry Brown is not approved this year, officials say they will be forced to consider draconian cuts like eliminating entire schools or programs.

While I’m not arguing the point that there is a crisis, I do think it is worth looking at historical trends to get perspective. Consider the following chart from the California Review. It looks at inflation-adjusted budget numbers and faculty and senior management headcount from 1997 – 2011. [Click to expand]


It is remarkable to see the one consistent area of growth – every year since 1997 – is senior management headcount.

It is also remarkable to put the article and the chart together, and understand that students and their families are paying more and more (53% increase in tuition in the past 5 years) for less and less value (no summer school, large class sizes, reduced course sections, reduced access to advisors). Add to this the exorbitant costs that students have to pay for textbooks.

Step out of the politics for a minute regarding the proposed tax increase, and just think of public education as a system. This is not a system that just needs a fix here or there to go back to the glory days – this is a system that is broken and needs alternative educational models.